Lesson 20

This is a summary of tenses. You can see how often each tense is used in the graph below.

Note that going to is not a tense. However, the phrase going to is part of this summary. We use going to when we speak about future.

I speak.
Present simple
I am speaking.
Present continuous
I can speak.
Modal verbs


I will speak.
Future simple
I am going to speak.
Going to


I spoke.
Past simple
I was speaking.
Past continous
I have spoken.
Present perfect
I have been going.
Present perfect continuous
I had spoken before six.
Past perfect


You can see more examples in the book The Little Prince.